Babies who are less premature (born in or after 34 weeks of gestation) often can be fed from a bottle or breast of the mother. At first, it can be easier for premature babies to handle breastfeeding than bottle feeding, since the flow of milk from a bottle is harder to control for them and can choke or stop breathing.
Premature infants have difficulty to maintain the proper balance of water in the body and may be dehydrated. They may lose more water through the skin or via breathing than babies born at term.Kidneys in a premature baby has not grown enough to control the levels of water in the body.
The unit of neonatal intensive care (NICU) team keep you track the amount that premature babies (weighing their diapers) to verify that there is a balance between wet fluid intake and urine output. Also blood tests will be done to monitor the levels of electrolytes.
The mother of the baby human milk is the best for premature infants and low birth weight. Breast milk can protect babies against infections and sudden infant death syndrome SIDS (SIDS), as well as Necrotizing enter colitis.
Some NICU will give donor milk from a milk bank to babies who are at very high risk and which cannot take its own mother's milk.
Special premature formulas can also be used. These milks have a higher amount of fat and protein to meet the needs of special growth of premature infants. More premature babies (34 to 36 weeks of gestation) you can change them to the regular formula or to transitional milk. Premature babies have not been in the uterus long enough to store the nutrients they need and should normally take supplements.
Babies who are breastfeeding may need to fortify called supplementation of human milk mixed in their feeds. This gives those extra vitamins, protein, iron, calcium and calories. It is possible that formula-fed babies need to take supplements of certain nutrients, including vitamins A, C and D, and folic acid.
Equally, it is necessary that some babies who were born prematurely continue taking nutritional supplements after leaving the hospital. For breastfed babies, this may mean one or two bottles of breast milk, fortified by day. Some babies need more supplements than others in order to get enough calories to grow well. After every feeding.